This report summarizes the 2012 season and historical information regarding commercial salmon fisheries of the South Alaska Peninsula Management Area (Area M).
The total commercial salmon harvest in the South Alaska Peninsula was 7,644 Chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, 1,993,880 sockeye O. nerka, 86,724 coho O. kisutch, 476,064 pink O. gorbuscha, and 610,911 chum O. keta salmon. Harvests of Chinook and sockeye salmon were above recent 10-year averages (2003–2012). Coho, pink and chum salmon harvests were below the recent 10-year average. The number of permit holders participating in the fishery was 248.
The June commercial salmon harvest included 1,528,018 sockeye and 392,305 chum salmon. Harvest in the South Unimak fishery was 899,710 sockeye and 211,700 chum salmon, while the Shumagin Islands accounted for 628,308 sockeye and 180,605 chum salmon.
There was a salmon fishery in the Southeastern District Mainland (SEDM) during the allocation period, June 1 through July 25. The total commercial harvest in the SEDM in 2012 was 99 Chinook, 218,601 sockeye, 1,277 coho, 42,483 pink, and 31,823 chum salmon. The total harvest for the Northwest Stepovak Section, from July 1 through July 25, was 6 Chinook, 60,997 sockeye, 135 coho, 1,880 pink, and 2,188 chum salmon.
The South Alaska Peninsula (minus the SEDM fishery July 1–25) Post-June salmon harvest from July 1 through July 31 included 1,130 Chinook, 242,306 sockeye, 83,280 coho, 159,285 pink, and 180,800 chum salmon. Commercial salmon harvest for August was composed of 32 Chinook, 4,940 sockeye, 2,155 coho, 14,684 pink, and 5,983 chum salmon.
In 2012, the sockeye salmon sustainable escapement goals (SEG) for Orzinski Lake (17,243), Thin Point Lagoon (19,000), and Mortensen Lagoon (5,000) were met. Total escapement of pink (478,910) salmon was well below the SEG of 1,637,800 fish. The chum salmon escapement in the Southeastern, South Central, Southwestern and Unimak districts did not meet their lower bound SEGs of 106,400, 89,800, 133,400 and 800 fish respectively. Limited coho salmon surveys were conducted due to their late season run timing.